Homepage  Homepage     Search on site  Search on site     To write the letter  To write the letter     Site map  Site map
Agro Perspectiva
We are on: 
   
 


Home > News

Asia-Pacific. In 2021, 396 million people in the region were undernourished - a new report by four UN agencies

01.02.2023 00:30 "Agro Perspectiva" (Kyiv) Asias cities are growing at such a fast pace that nearly 55 percent of the regions enormous population is expected to reside in urban areas by 2030, and that will have equally enormous consequences for urban food security and nutrition, according to the main findings of a new report by four United Nations agencies.

But the threat is not only a future concern, the results are being felt now, according to the Asia and the Pacific Regional Overview of Food Security and Nutrition 2022 — Urban Food Systems and Nutrition. Published jointly each year, the «SOFI» report is prepared by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the United Nations Childrens Fund (UNICEF), the World Food Programme (WFP) and the World Health Organization (WHO).

The convergence of an increase in low-income settlements, the rising costs of food and the need for developing an urban food agenda that takes into account infrastructure, transport, clean water and waste management are posing new challenges to planners and national policymakers across the Asia-Pacific region.

This reports highlights, revealed today, capture the challenges and system-level determinants of unhealthy diets in urban areas, both with regard to undernutrition and overweight and obesity. They profile various urban environments, interventions, experiences and the opportunities to innovate at multiple levels to transform urban areas into sustainable cities. Increasingly, food security and nutrition in the urban context will determine progress, or lack thereof, towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goal to eliminate hunger (SDG2) and the World Health Assembly (WHA) 2030 targets on food security and nutrition.

Asia-Pacific already backsliding in food security targets

This is the fifth annual Asia-Pacific regional SOFI report. In recent years, previous editions reported that progress in the fight against hunger and all forms of malnutrition was stalling, then regressing and more recently pushing us further off track from achieving the SDGs.

This reverse was evident even before the COVID-19 pandemic took hold in 2020. But as the pandemic continued, albeit in a milder form in most parts of the region by 2022, the 5F crisis emerged (lack of food, feed, fuel, fertilizer and finance), as did the conflict between Russia and Ukraine, two of the worlds major agricultural producers. The convergence of these and other issues during the past year resulted in unprecedented food and energy price rises that have hit households and livelihoods hard and pushed additional millions more into hunger and poverty.

In March 2022, the FAO Food Price Index (FPI) capped a steady rise through the previous two years of the COVID-19 pandemic and rose to the highest level since its inception. Since then the FPI has fallen somewhat but remains significantly higher by 28 percent over 2020. High agricultural input prices, concerns about the weather and climate, and increased market uncertainties stemming from the continuing war in Ukraine, are contributing to a tightening of food markets. Food import bills are likely to touch a new record of USD 1.94 trillion this year, according to FAOs latest Food Outlook published in November. Without doubt, the convergence of these negative factors will exacerbate hunger and poverty in Asia and the Pacific, the worlds most populous region.

Urgent action needed to combat stunting, overweight and obesity

The reports figures paint a grim picture, one that requires a call for urgent action. In 2021, 396 million people in the region were undernourished and an estimated 1.05 billion people suffered from moderate or severe food insecurity. Nearly 75 million children below the age of five in Asia and the Pacific are stunted, amounting to half of the worlds total. Ten percent are affected by wasting, while poor diet quality also drives overall increases in child overweight and obesity.

Among older children and adults, obesity continues to rise in every country of this region. The Pacific Island Countries have the highest prevalence of overweight and obesity in the world. Obesity is a risk factor for many non-communicable chronic diseases (NCDs) and it has a major impact on national economies by reducing productivity and life expectancy and increasing disability and health care costs. No country in Asia and the Pacific is on track to meet the WHA target of no increase in adult obesity.

Making the situation worse is the cost of attaining a healthy diet. In this region, a healthy diet is unaffordable in most countries for nearly two billion inhabitants (1.9 billion persons, which is 44.5 percent of the regions population). The combined impacts of the pandemic and ongoing inflation have pushed up the average cost of a healthy diet to nearly USD 4 per day (USD 3.98 per person, per day), the report finds.

A call to action and action underway

During the year, as the 5F crisis intensified, our four UN agencies took the initiative to join hands at regional and country level to deliver coordinated technical support to countries and actions. We called upon all country representatives and directors to synergize their efforts to address the short-term effects as well as the medium- to long-term impacts, the crisis will have on economies, households and individuals, particularly women and children, in the region.

At the same time, the key principals of the report pointed out that the crisis is an opportunity to build on the momentum of the UN Food Systems Summit of 2021. Together, the agencies are intensifying efforts with member countries to reshape and reimagine food systems across the region to make them more efficient, inclusive, resilient and sustainable, leaving no one behind. However, governments, civil society, the private sector, funding and development agencies will need to continue to demonstrate leadership and partnership to bring about transformative change in agrifood systems and show improved figures in this flagship report in the years to come.

Agro Perspectiva

< Global chicken meat production for 2023 is virtually unchanged from the October forecast at 102.9 MMT All news for
01.02.2023
Brazil and the United States Vie for Worlds Top Corn Exporter >

15.07.2024  
10:28 Decline of China Pork Imports Continues in 2024
08:20 Lower Prices Propel Mexico 2023/24 Soybean Meal Imports
13.07.2024  
10:15 China Imports of Major Feed Grains at Record for Oct-May period
12.07.2024  
01:08 Climate risks projected to affect fish biomass around the world's ocean, FAO report says
06.07.2024  
10:15 Global cereal production 2024 forecast scaled up and now set to exceed the 2023 level
10:01 FAO Food Price Index stable in June
03.07.2024  
12:31 World pear production for MY 2023/24 is projected up more than 275,000 tons to 25.2 million
12:23 U.S. wheat exports are forecast to rebound by more than a million tons in the 2024/25 marketing year
01.07.2024  
08:58 World apple production for MY 2023/24 is forecast to rise more than 700,000 tons to 83.7 million
08:39 World coffee production for 2024/25 is forecast to rebound 7.1 million bags
25.06.2024  
17:57 Central, Eastern and South-Eastern European banks report strengthening loan demand and improving profitability
17:05 Global Environment Facility approves $70 million to support FAO projects in 28 countries
24.06.2024  
04:15 Emergency brake triggered for oat imports from Ukraine
23.06.2024  
09:00 Colombia Production: Two Periods of Sharp Decline
19.06.2024  
15:35 World pear production for MY 2023/24 is projected up more than 275,000 tons to 25.2 million
10:35 India Apple Imports Forecast at a Record High
12.06.2024  
09:21 FAO Food Price Index slightly up in May: higher cereal and dairy prices offset easing sugar and vegetable oil quotations
03.06.2024  
14:04 Commission clarifies support for farmers in case of exceptional weather events
13:33 Digitalization: it is time to bridge the gap between urban and rural areas
22.05.2024  
18:25 Two years of Solidarity Lanes have brought the EU, Ukraine and Moldova closer together
21.05.2024  
08:10 Seven additional private sector leaders announce support for Antimicrobial Use Stewardship Principles in poultry, now includes over 40% of global poultry meat production
13.05.2024  
23:32 EU extends trade support to Ukraine for one more year
04:36 European Union corn is forecast at 18.0 million tons
11.05.2024  
18:55 2024/25 Grain Consumption Expands while Trade Moderates
18:47 Oilseeds Stocks Forecast to Reach Record Highs in 2024/25
06.05.2024  
09:17 The International Year of the Woman Farmer in 2026 Approved by the UN General Assembly, it will increase awareness of the crucial role women farmers play in agrifood systems
04.05.2024  
08:10 2024 wheat forecast trimmed
03.05.2024  
21:25 Rising international quotations for meat, cereals and vegetable oils offset drops for dairy and sugar
07:10 El Niño and La Niña: four crucial steps to build climate resilience
01.05.2024  
08:25 Acute hunger remains persistently high in 59 countries with 1 in 5 people assessed in need of critical urgent action
29.04.2024  
10:43 New CEO at BASF: Martin Brudermüller hands over to Markus Kamieth
25.04.2024  
09:45 Parliament approves a revision of the EUs common agricultural policy
23.04.2024  
16:23 MEPs approve trade support measures for Ukraine with protection for EU farmers
17.04.2024  
18:08 Ministry of Agrarian Policy and Food predicts this years harvest of grains and oilseeds at about 74 million tonnes
16.04.2024  
12:12 West Africa Cocoa Shortage Pushes Up Prices
11.04.2024  
23:48 U.S. Soybean Meal Exports Forecast at Consecutive Records in 2022/23 and 2023/24
23:10 EU Wheat Exports Challenged by Russias Growing Dominance
11:30 Country of origin of honey must be clearly visible on the label. EU honey traceability system to be developed
10.04.2024  
15:59 Commission starts setting up the Agriculture and Food Chain Observatory
15:33 Commission approves 2.2 billion German State aid scheme to support the decarbonisation of industrial processes to foster the transition to a net-zero economy
13:17 Donau Soja urges EU for clarity on EUDR implementation
09.04.2024  
10:44 Ukraine remained the third source of EU imports in 2023, with a value of EUR 11.8 billion
06.04.2024  
10:04 World cereal output seen up in 2023/24
09:55 FAO Food Price Index rises in March
05.04.2024  
10:04 Shellfish Crop Insurance Program Offers Oyster Producers Needed Protection from Environmental Challenges and More
03.04.2024  
23:01 Croatian horseradish root Ludbreški hren' added to register of Protected Designations of Origin
02.04.2024  
10:15 FAO and chef Fatmata Binta announce new project to empower women fonio producers in Ghana
28.03.2024  
12:55 Council compromise on Ukraine ATMs Only a half step forward in the right direction
09:18 Commission approves amendment to Italian State aid scheme to support companies in Friuli Venezia Giulia in the context of Russia's war against Ukraine
26.03.2024  
10:55 Projected famine in Gaza: FAO urges immediate access to deliver urgent and critical assistance at scale. About 1.1 million people are experiencing catastrophic food insecurity

Also available: 


NewsNews - News - News - News - News - News
BriefWeekly Reports - Free article
SubscriptionTariff - News&Reports
AdvertisingMagazine - Site
ConferencesForum AGRO-2013 - DAIRY WORLD-2008 - FERTILIZERS-2010
Statistics
For our clientsAgroNewsDaily - Ukrainian Grain&Oilseed Market - Fertilizers - Milk Monthly - Milk Weekly
About usAbout project - Contact
2002 -2024 © Agrarika, ltd.
tel.: +380 67 4473802; +380 67 5964652
e-mail: client@agroperspectiva.com