World sugar production - 179.6 million tonnes - FAO’s preliminary forecast
16.11.2022 10:02 "Agro Perspectiva" (Kyiv) —
FAO’s preliminary forecast for the 2022/23 (October/September) season pegs world sugar production at 179.6 million tonnes, up 4.5 million tonnes, or 2.6 percent, from the 2021/22 outturn. The increase is largely attributed to expectations of a significant recovery in Brazil’s production, the world’s largest sugar producer and exporter, and larger crops in China and Thailand that more than offset likely reductions in the European Union and Pakistan. While production prospects in India, the world’s second largest sugar producer, are favourable, sugar output is anticipated to fall short of record level of 2021/22, as additional
volumes of sugarcane are foreseen to be diverted for ethanol production.
Global sugar consumption is seen increasing for a third successive season in 2022/23, up 1 million tonnes, or 0.6 percent, from the previous season. Overall, the year-on-year growth in consumption is expected to mostly originate in Africa, driven by population growth and urbanization, and Asia, reflecting robust demand from the food processing industry. However, the growth pace of global sugar consumption will likely be muted and lower than the long-term trend, amid the projected significant deceleration in global economic growth in 2022/2023. The slower increase in consumption, compared to production, is expected to push the sugar market into a global surplus of 4.9 million tonnes in 2022/23.
The forecast for the world sugar trade in 2022/23 stands at 61.2 million tonnes, which corresponds to a 1.8-percent increase over the estimated volume for
2021/22. Foreseen higher exports from Brazil and Thailand will likely outweigh expected lower shipments from India, which are forecast to be down from their record level in 2021/22. On the import side, it is anticipated that strong purchases will be made by traditional importers, in particular China, the largest international sugar buyer, and Indonesia. Imports by the European Union are set to increase from last year, based on prospects of a reduced domestic sugar output.
After reaching a five-year high in April 2022, international sugar prices generally decreased in the following months. The price declines were mainly the result
of a slowdown in the global economic activity coupled with overall greater world availabilities. Further downward pressure on sugar prices was exerted by lower ethanol prices, which prompted a larger use of sugarcane to produce sugar in Brazil, and the weakening of the Brazilian real against the United States dollar, which prompted greater exports.