Homepage  Homepage     Search on site  Search on site     To write the letter  To write the letter     Site map  Site map
Agro Perspectiva
We are on: 
   

Photoblog

 


Home > News

Overfishing of the worlds major tuna stocks going down, bycatch and pollution reduced and 18 new areas protecting vulnerable marine ecosystems established

02.02.2020 12:45 "Agro Perspectiva" (Kyiv) A five-year, $50-million Global Environment Facility (GEF)-funded program rolled out by FAO and partners has made remarkable progress in protecting international waters’ biodiversity by rendering fishing in these waters less harmful to several marine species, including sea turtles and tuna.

The Common Oceans ABNJ Program focused on areas beyond national jurisdiction (ABNJ) — also called international waters — that cover 40 percent of the earth and comprise nearly 95 percent of the oceans’ volume.

«Keeping international waters healthy and preserving their rich biodiversity have long been a challenge for these marine areas that do not fall under the responsibility of any one country,» said Maria Helena Semedo, FAO’s Deputy Director-General, Climate and Natural Resources.

«The Program has brought together a broad and unique partnership to tackle this challenge by promoting the sustainable management of fishery resources and ecosystem-based practices, with some outstanding results. We hope to expand this initiative to continue safeguarding our marine biodiversity and contributing to the global goals and aspirations of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework,» added Semedo.

The GEF-FAO Program’s achievements at a glance:

Eight out of 13 major commercial tuna stocks no longer experience overfishing

Between 2014 to 2019, the number of major tuna stocks experiencing overfishing went down from 13 to five. This means eight fish stocks are now being rebuilt to reach a healthy level.

To make this happen, the Common Oceans ABNJ Program brought together scientists and fishery managers to develop sustainable and transparent tuna harvest strategies and processes based on computer simulation exercises. This then helped them set and apply more sustainable tuna catch limits.

Every year, nearly 6 million tonnes of tuna species are fished worldwide. The annual value of the business is almost $12 billion. The strong demand, combined with the excessive number of fishing vessels, meant that tuna stocks were under immense pressure.

Bycatch and marine pollution reduced

Adjustments to fishing gear — such as placing the gillnets two metres deeper — as well as training in how to protect threatened species have helped save marine mammals, mainly dolphins and sea turtles.

For example, between 2013 to 2018, the mortality rate of marine mammals caught by Pakistani gillnet fisheries in the northern Arabian sea was reduced by 98 percent — from 12,000 in 2013 to less than 200 in 2018.

Bycatch reduction was also made possible thanks to an uptake in non-entangling and ocean-friendly fish aggregating devices — so-called FADs — that are used to attract fish.

Prior to the Program, there were no FAD-guidelines in place for the Atlantic, Indian, Eastern and Pacific or Western & Central Pacific Oceans. In 2019, all of them had FAD-guidelines.

The Program developed and tested non-entangling and ocean-friendly FAD-designs, and carried out workshops with over 2,500 fishers from 22 countries about bycatch mitigation techniques.

To bring down further plastic pollution at sea, studies are ongoing on the use of biodegradable materials for FADs.

Eighteen new vulnerable marine ecosystems established

Between 2014 and 2019, the Program helped to establish and protect vulnerable marine ecosystems in 18 new areas — home to deep-sea species such as corals and sponges. This means these areas have been closed to fishing.

Two of the sites are in the Pacific Ocean, five in the southern Indian Ocean, one in the Southern Pacific Ocean, seven in the international waters around Antarctica and three in the Mediterranean.

Raising awareness on ocean issues to strengthen decision-making

Sharing experiences, showcasing innovative solutions and gaining a deeper understanding of the complex issues at stake in international waters, the Program also established a group of ABNJ Regional Leaders.

Connecting representatives and decision-makers from 34 countries and across various sectors strengthened their ability to participate in the ongoing negotiations for a new international legally-binding instrument under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea on the conservation and sustainable use of marine biological diversity of areas beyond national jurisdiction (BBNJ).

The partnership behind the Program

FAO worked with the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP), the World Bank, World Wide Fund (WWF), tuna and deep-sea Regional Fisheries Management Organizations, civil society, national governments, the private sector and non-governmental organizations — all in all over 60 partners — to roll out the GEF-funded Program.

To address the critical nexus between environment and sustainable food systems, GEF is an increasingly important partner for FAO with an emphasis on innovation, private sector and integrated systems-based solutions. Today, FAO manages a GEF portfolio worth nearly $900 million and representing over 190 projects in more than 130 countries.

Discussions are underway at the ABNJ Global Steering Committee Meeting (29–30 January) in Rome to extend the Program — all with the aim of continuing to strengthen governance in international waters and reinforce measures to combat illegal, unregulated and unreported fishing (IUU), and improve coordination amongst all those who have an interest in the sustainable use of the international waters.

Agro Perspectiva

< Indonesias Ministry of Agriculture released updated oil palm area data, significantly increasing overall plantation hectares All news for
02.02.2020
FAO appeals for urgent support to fight worsening Desert Locust upsurge in the Horn of Africa >

06.04.2020  
21:15 Finance ministry hopes to receive up to $5 bln from IMF to national budget
03.04.2020  
15:30 China: Update to the Export Process for US Pork and Pork Products
15:05 National budget receipts target met by 90% in March
02.04.2020  
16:00 World food prices drop in March
15:50 Polish chicken meat production will reach 2.2 MMT in 2020
01.04.2020  
13:00 Covantis launches as legal entity, announces CEO and executive appointments
31.03.2020  
14:40 Poland. First Large 2020 ASF Outbreak Hits Commercial Farm Near German Border
13:30 Rada adopts law on farmland market opening in Ukraine from July 1, 2021
24.03.2020  
11:15 Q&A: COVID-19 pandemic impact on food and agriculture
09:35 CNH Industrial names Chair Suzanne Heywood as Acting Chief Executive Officer
23.03.2020  
12:45 Brazil chicken production to increase by 3.2 percent
10:25 Cargill joins efforts to increase cocoa productivity in Pará while restoring forest areas
10:10 Grain Imports to Suffer as Jordan Struggles with Low Growth in 2020
20.03.2020  
14:28 Ukraine grain export reached 43.992 million tons as of March 20, 2020
14:26 EBRD and EU commit fresh funds to support Ukrainian businesses
18.03.2020  
18:03 Coronavirus will hit economies across all EBRD regions
16:40 Ukraine grain export reached 43.627 million tons as of March 18, 2020
17.03.2020  
12:10 Kazakhstan. Ag Ministry Outlines Support Programs for 2020
14.03.2020  
20:46 EBRD unveils EUR1 billion emergency coronavirus financing package
13.03.2020  
12:40 Green Climate Fund approves a $119 million climate resilient project for Cuba
11.03.2020  
10:55 Canada shifts rapeseed exports to offset lost China sales
10:20 European Union has exported more barley in the first quarter of 2019/20
10.03.2020  
16:25 Argentina: New Export Tax Rates in Argentina
09.03.2020  
12:30 Coronavirus outbreak helps push FAO Food Price Index down
06.03.2020  
16:35 Verkhovna Rada appoints Shmyhal as Prime Minister of Ukraine
14:30 World cereal production estimates revised upwards
11:35 World food prices drop in February
04.03.2020  
14:20 Allen elects to retire as Deere Board chairman May 1st
13:25 Japan: Dairy Certificate Updated to Satisfy New Food Safety Law
02.03.2020  
17:15 Ukraine grain export reached 40.867 million tons as of March 2, 2020
15:25 Economy Ministry estimates grain harvest in Ukraine in 2020 at 65-70 mln tonnes
15:20 Ukrspyrt sees 62% rise in spirit sales, UAH 2.6 mln of net profit in Jan
15:10 Balance of single treasury account expands by UAH 5.1 bln in Feb treasury
29.02.2020  
18:25 FAO welcomes 17 million contribution from Germany to combat the impact of the Desert Locust upsurge in East Africa
28.02.2020  
20:25 FAO welcomes European Union contribution of 11 million to fight Desert Locust outbreak
19:35 Ramping up the fight against Fall Armyworm
19:25 Harnessing Artificial Intelligence's transformative power to make food systems more efficient, sustainable and inclusive
27.02.2020  
11:50 Cargill launches plant-based patty and ground products
26.02.2020  
15:35 Canada: Consultations on Proposed Supply-Managed TRQ Administration Options
25.02.2020  
20:43 Indonesia Confirms African Swine Fever Outbreak
19:35 Total Russian grain exports in MY 2019/2020 may reach 45MMT
15:25 Taiwan Impacted as Agricultural Trade Disrupted by Coronavirus
23.02.2020  
14:30 Hunger threatens over half of the population in South Sudan
21.02.2020  
17:23 Wheat export prices decreased again
17.02.2020  
17:02 Casein export prices remained stable during the week
16.02.2020  
18:56 Ukrainian crude sunoil quotes
16:51 Black sea wheat prices fell again
10:43 Prices for Ukrainian whey decreased
13.02.2020  
21:55 DP World entering Ukraine via buying controlling stake in TIS Container Terminal Ukraine
21:05 IMF notes active dialogue with Ukraine on new program, finds it difficult to name possible term for its approval

Also available: 

Agrarian Week in digital



READ ON-LINE




NewsNews - News - News - News - News - News
BriefWeekly Reports - Free article
SubscriptionTariff - News&Reports
AdvertisingMagazine - Site
ConferencesForum AGRO-2013 - DAIRY WORLD-2008 - FERTILIZERS-2010
Statistics
For our clientsAgroNewsDaily - Ukrainian Grain&Oilseed Market - Fertilizers - Milk Monthly - Milk Weekly
About usAbout project - Contact
.      1991 . .      1991 .
2002 -2020 © Agrarika, ltd.
tel.: +38 (044) 486-9171, 486-8119
fax: +38 (044) 486-8830, 494-4889
e-mail: info@agroperspectiva.com